Search

Authors: Muthoni Wangechi Sally, Dr James Rosemary

Abstract: In Kenya, many governmental organizations have increasingly been involved in supporting community projects aimed at improving livelihoods of the community in which they operate. However, community projects in Kenya and in Kieni sub-county have been reported to experience challenges during the implementation. Analysis of datasets in Kieni sub-county indicates that just 60% of the implemented projects are functional. This study therefore sought to assess the influence of community participation on the implementation of community based projects in Kenya with a particular focus on Kieni Sub-County. The study sought to determine the effect of community awareness, community consultation, monitoring and evaluation and capacity building on the implementation of community based organisation projects Kieni Sub-County. This research study used a descriptive research design. The target population of this study was 17 project managers, 17 project coordinators and 102 project committee members in 17 community based projects in Kieni Sub-County. The study used a census to select the project managers and project coordinator. In addition, simple random sampling was used to select 50% of the committee members. The study made use of primary data, which was obtained by use of semi-structured questionnaires. Qualitative data was analysed by use of content analysis presented in a prose form. On the other hand, Quantitative data was analysed by use of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21. In addition, descriptive and inferential statistics was used in this study. The study found that there is a significant positive influence of community awareness, community consultations, monitoring and evaluation and capacity building in implementation of community based projects in Kenya. The study recommends that community leaders should lay enough and reliable communication channels that will be used in informing the public on project matters. The study also recommended that community should be consulted in the implementation of projects as they help in meeting the objectives of the project. 

 Authors: Boru Salad Wato, Rugami Maina, Dr. Muathe Stephen

 Abstract: In recent times, many public sector organizations have been engaging in activities aimed at improving their service delivery to the public. One such activity is the implementation of strategies. However, public organizations portray unsatisfying low performance (only 10 to 30 percent) of intended strategies. The main objective of this study was to investigate influence of drug demand reduction strategy implementation on organizational performance of National Authority for the Campaign against Alcohol and Drug Abuse. The specific objectives of the study was to examine the influence of policies, stakeholders’ involvement, leadership and resources allocation in implementation of drug demand reduction strategy on organizational performance of NACADA. This study used a descriptive survey design. The target population was 102 staff of NACADA in the levels of senior management, middle level management and operation staff. The study used stratified random sampling technique to select 50% of the target population. The sample size of this study was therefore 51 respondents. The study made use of both primary and secondary data. Secondary data was obtained from the annual reports of NACADA. Primary data was collected by use of semi-structured questionnaires. Data analysis was quantitative as well as qualitative. Collected quantitative data was edited and coded into a statistical package (Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21) for analysis. Both descriptive and inferential statistics (multivariate regression) were used to analyze quantitative data. In descriptive statistics, the study used frequency, mean, standard deviation and percentages. The analyzed data was then presented in tables and figures. On the other hand, qualitative data was analyzed by use of content analysis and results presented in prose. The study concludes that there is a significant positive influence of organization policies, stakeholder’s involvements, leadership commitment and resource allocation in implementation of drug demand reduction strategy on organizational performance of NACADA. The study recommends that policy makers should ensure that there is no duplication of responsibilities among government agencies and also recommends formulation of more policies on management and allocation of resources to enhance implementation of the strategy. The study also recommends further studies on the role of private sector institutions in implementation of drug demand reduction strategy as this would likely lead to new insights and therefore enrich the efforts that have been made in this study. 

 Authors: Nancy Munyeki, Dr. Susan Were

Abstract: International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) works to better lives in developing countries through improving the quality and quantity of livestock in Kenya. However, despite its importance to Kenyan farmers and to the national economy, the efficiency of ILRI has room for improvement. This study sought to investigate on the influence of transformational leadership on the performance of project based organizations in Kenya with a case of International Livestock Research Institute. The study also sought to determine the effect of idealized influence, inspirational motivation, individualized consideration and intellectual stimulation on the performance of project based organizations in Kenya. This study used a descriptive research design. The target population was 111 staff in International Livestock Research Institute. Since the population is small (111) a census will be conducted. This study made use of primary data that was collected by the use of semi-structured questionnaires. The collected quantitative data was edited and coded into a statistical package (Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 21) for analysis. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze quantitative data. In descriptive statistics, the study used frequency, mean, standard deviation and percentages. The analyzed data was then presented in tables and figures. On the other hand, thematic content analysis was used to qualitative data and the results were presented in form of a prose. Further, correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis were used to establish the relationship between the dependent and the independent variables. The study established that idealized influence has a positive and significant influence on the performance of project based organizations (β1=0.306, p-value=0.000). The study also found that inspirational motivation has a positive and significant influence on the performance of project based organizations (β2=0.182, p-value=0.034). The study revealed that individual consideration has a positive and significant influence on the performance of project based organizations (β3=0.208, p-value=0.020). The study further established that intellectual stimulation has a positive and significant influence on the performance of project based organizations (β4=0.455, p-value=0.000). This study recommends that the management should focus on acknowledging and attending to the needs of employees. In addition, it should develop a coaching and mentorship program to improve the skills of the staff, which can subsequently influence their productivity and hence performance.  

 Authors: Duncan Ngugi Njeri, Dr. Susan Were

Abstract: There have been many advances in the field of project management and especially in the NGO sector. Nevertheless, many NGO projects across the world still fail to perform and deliver expected benefits. In Kenya, about 30% of non-governmental organizations experience failure in their projects and may fail to achieve targets and objectives due to lack of top management support, culture, schedule and commitment. On this basis, this study sought to establish the determinants of project performance in NGOs in Kenya. Further, the study sought to establish the influence of top management support, project culture, project scheduling and project team commitment on project performance in NGOs in Kenya. The study employed a descriptive research design with a target population of 304 respondents comprising of senior managers, branch managers, field officers and accountants respectively. The study further used stratified random sampling method to draw 105 respondents from each stratum in the target population. The sample size selected was at least 30% of the population. This study made use of primary data that was collected by the use of semi-structured questionnaires. The reliability of the questionnaires was measured statistically by measuring the internal consistency. Internal consistency techniques were measured by use of Cronbach’s Alpha. A Cronbach’s Alpha of above 0.7 was considered acceptable. A pilot test was conducted to test the validity and reliability of the research instrument. The collected data was then edited, coded and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics with the aid of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 23. Further, correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis were used to establish the relationship between the dependent and the independent variables. The study found that top management support has a significant influence on project performance in non-governmental organizations in Kenya (β1=0.811, p-value=0.000). The study also established that project culture has a significant influence on project performance in non-governmental organizations in Kenya (β2=0.796, p-value=0.000). The study revealed that project scheduling has a significant influence on the influence on project performance in non-governmental organizations in Kenya. (β3=0.789, p-value=0.015). The study also found that project team commitment has a significant influence on the influence on project performance in non-governmental organizations in Kenya (β1=0.781, p-value=0.000). The study recommends that the top management should realize the importance of delegating responsibility to the project manager and teams, organizational policies should be geared towards supporting project performance and project team support, the organization should consider using compressed and alternative project schedules to motivate project teams to enhance project performance and there should be better composition of project teams, competency and level of responsibility to guarantee success of projects.

Authors: Stephen Watenga Kariuki, Dr. Gladys Rotich

 Abstract: Managing redundant stock is critical in enhancing cost reduction. This study explored the role of stores management in reduction of redundant stock and utilized contingency, coordination, inventory theories. A census research design and stratified random sampling were adopted with a target population of 60 participants. A semi-structured questionnaire was self-administered. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Response rate was 86.7%, majority (63.5%) was male, 38.5% were aged between 31-40 years; 55.8% attained undergraduate degrees. Moreover, 48.1% worked for 3-5 years, 13.5% were executive managers, 26.9% middle level managers, 30.8% supervisors and 28.8% were junior staff. Poor material management and policies causes stock redundancy (mean = 4.40), efficient issue of materials in and out of store was prioritized (mean = 4.42), creation of efficient store control policies reduces redundant stock (mean = 4.08), supply chain contracts are well implemented when supply chain coordination exists (Mean=4.15). The study concluded that stores management, poor material management and policies influences redundant stock. Supply chain contracts are well implemented when supply chain coordination exists. The study recommends that poor material management and organizational policies should be well addressed. Supply chain contracts should support forecasting. Organizations should ensure there are effective inventory management policies.

Go to top
Privacy Policy|| Copyright & Permissions